ENG101 - Critical Reading & Writing

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SAT Vocabulary Words and Latin Roots & Sayings

Rident Stolidi Verba Latina

The knowledge of Latin roots will significantly help students on the SAT test. Honors Lit students will study five words and be introduced to one common Latin saying a week. These will be incorporated into the weekly vocabulary test.

The fifteen English vocabulary words given every week (for twenty weeks) will be SAT words chosen from the novels that we will read this year. The first quarter will be words taken from The Hobbit. All words, notes, definitions, and examples will be found on www.vocabulary.com. I have created a site for you! Simply access the website, type in the 
username: adrienne.tigchelaar@tcslions.org  
password: Tolkien

Each list will be entitled, "Week One, Week Two, etc."
We will go over these words briefly on Mondays, review them through the week, and test the following Mondays.

Week  1

Fluster

Throng

Depredation

Bewildered

Haughty

Flummox

Ire

Audacious

Fierce

Expedition

Devour

Prudent

Reverence

Plunder

Scarce


Latin      English          Derivatives

amo - I love                amiable, amorous, amicable, amenable 

porto - I carry             portable, portal, transport, teleport, airport

laudo - I praise           laudable, laud, laudation

oro - I pray                 orator, oral, oracle, oratory

laboro - I work            labor, laboratory, laborer 

 

Latin Saying:       Mea Culpa - My fault

 

Week 2


hesitate

surly

rouse

plight

potent

stifle

jostle

eddy

ominous

recede

buffet

famished

flounder

vagabond

bleak

 

navigo - I sail             navigate, naval, navy

paro - I prepare          preparation, prepense, preposition

specto - I look at        spectacles, spectator, spectacle

clamo - I shout           clamorous, exclaim, proclaim

voco - I call                vocal, voice, vociferate

 

Latin Saying:         E pluribus unum - One out of many

 

Week 3

 

abate

benevolent

camaraderie

disdain

emulate

fortuitous

intuitive

jubilation

longevity

mundane

nonchalant

orator

parched

querulous

reclusive


Latin

supero - I conquer       superior, super, surpass

adoro - I adore            adorable, adoration

libero - I free               liberate, liberty

ambulo - I walk           amble, ambulance, ambassador

pugno - I fight             pugnacious, puglist, pugnacity

 

Latin Saying:           Anno Domini - In the year of our Lord

 

Week 4


abdicate

bias

canny

diligent

enervated

fortitude

hedonist

inconsequential

lobbyist

pragmatic

renovation

sagacity

subtle

tenacious

venerable


Latin    English         Derivative

judico - I judge          judicial, judge, judicious

occupo - I seize        occupied, occupation

narro - I tell               narrate, narrator

do - I give                  donate, donation, donor

habito - I live in         habitat, habitation, habit

 

Latin Saying: Ora et Labora - Pray and Work

 

Week 5


aberration

amicable

boisterous

capacious

condescending

digression

ephemeral

fraught

impetuous

hypothesis

ostentatious

precocious

spontaneous

vindicate

wary


Latin

moneo - I warn       admonition, monitor

video - I see           video, provide, evident, vision

timeo - I fear           timid, intimidate

moveo - I move       move, remove, movable

doceo - I teach        docile, document, doctrine

 

Latin Saying:    Caelum et Terra - Heaven and Earth

 

Week Six


  1. anachronistic
  2. anecdote
  3. assiduous
  4. censure
  5. clairvoyant
  6. demagogue
  7. evanescent
  8. hackneyed
  9. pretentious
  10. prosaic
  11. provocative
  12. rancorous
  13. resilient
  14. spurious
  15. scrutinize

Latin (Week Six)

inter - between          intermission, intermittant, interaction

sub - under                submarine, subcutaneous, subway

supra - above            super, superior, superintendant

trans - across            transaction, transmit, transatlantic

contra - against         contradict, contrary, contraband

 

Latin Saying:          Carpe Diem! - Seize the Day!

 

Week 7


  1. assail
  2. augment
  3. chaste
  4. choler
  5. collier
  6. forswear
  7. gall
  8. lascivious
  9. portentous
  10. propagate
  11. vexed
  12. bawdy
  13. mutiny
  14. piteous
  15. toil

Latin    English            Derivative

lingua - language           bilingual, linguist, language

filia - daughter                filial, filly

herba - plant                   herbivore, herb, herbal

pater - father                  patriarch, paternal, patrician

terra - earth                    terrain, territory, Mediterranean

 

Latin Saying: Semper Fidelis - Always Faithful (Marine Corps Motto: Semper Fi)

 

Week 8

  1. suit
  2. sirrah
  3. meddle
  4. pray
  5. merry
  6. thither
  7. conjure
  8. jest
  9. yonder
  10. deny
  11. virtue
  12. vice
  13. chide
  14. knave
  15. cell


 

Week 9


  1. livery
  2. orb
  3. peril
  4. baleful
  5. vestal
  6. chide
  7. intercession
  8. predominant
  9. rancour
  10. sallow
  11. vile
  12. feign
  13. perchance
  14. poultice
  15. scurvy

coronoa - crown               coronation

culpa - fault                      culpable, culprit

fuga - flight                       fugitive, refugee, fugue

ecclesia - church             ecclesiastical, Ecclisiastes

gratia - grace                   gracious, gratitude

 

Latin Saying: Nunc aut numquam!   --   Now or Never!

 

Week 10


  1. opulent
  2. impute
  3. extenuating
  4. divergent
  5. discredit
  6. deleterious
  7. conundrum
  8. condescending
  9. capitulate
  10. brusque
  11. surreptitious
  12. prosaic
  13. pedantic
  14. copacetic
  15. perfidious

Latin 

unda - wave;    undulating, inundate

ursa - bear;    Ursa Major, Ursa Minor

amicus - friend;    amicable

animus - mind;    spirit animated

annus - year;    annual

Latin Saying: Rident Stolidi Verba Latina - Fools laugh at the Latin language

 

 

 

Week 11 (Second Semester)

 

  1. abstain
  2. adversity
  3. aesthetic
  4. brazen
  5. collaborate
  6. empathy
  7. procrastinate
  8. prosperity
  9. tactful
  10. transient
  11. superfluous
  12. intrepid
  13. foster
  14. frugal
  15. florid

hora - hour horascope, hour

ira - anger irrate, irratation, ire

luna - moon lunar,lunacy, lunatic

mora - delay moratorium

pecunia - money pecuniary

Latin Saying: Alma mater - Nurturing mother

 

Week 12 (The Odyssey)

 

  1. valor
  2. affliction
  3. baleful
  4. din
  5. glutton
  6. havoc
  7. lavish
  8. audacity
  9. virtuous
  10. lucid
  11. prudence
  12. libation
  13. precedence
  14. harangue
  15. insidious

altus - high, deep; altitude, alternate, alter

bonus - good; bonus, pro-bono

certus - certain, sure; certitude, certain, certify

magnus - large, great; magnitude, magnificient

malus - bad; Malificent, malcontent, malnurished, malpractice

 

Latin Saying: Veni, vidi, vici - I came, I saw, I conquered

 

Week 13

 

  1. muse
  2. odyssey
  3. hospitality
  4. plunder
  5. pauper
  6. infallible
  7. bestial
  8. promontory
  9. ruffian
  10. malignant
  11. succumb
  12. remiss
  13. averse
  14. aloof
  15. deference

longus - long; long, longitude, length

multus - much, many; multitude, mutiply, multifaceted

novus - new; novel, novice, innovate, renovate

plenus - plenty, full; plentiful, plenary

primus - first; primary, primate, primitive

 

Latin Saying: Quo Vadis? - Where are you going?

 

Week 14

 

  1. brace
  2. grapple
  3. guile
  4. entrails
  5. maelstrom
  6. minion
  7. respite
  8. berth
  9. candor
  10. courier
  11. quandary
  12. goad
  13. wily
  14. alms
  15. mendicant

proximus - close; approximate, proximity

secundus - secondary; secondary, second

solus - alone; solo, sole, solitary

totus - whole; total

aeternus - everlasting; eternal, eternity

 

Latin Saying: Pax Romana - The Roman Peace

 

Week 15 (To Kill a Mockingbird ch

 

  1. assuage
  2. piety
  3. stingy
  4. taciturn
  5. unsullied
  6. entity
  7. eccentric
  8. malevolent
  9. predilection
  10. asylum
  11. nebulous
  12. condescend
  13. indigenous
  14. illicit
  15. vexation

frater - brother; fraternal, fraternity

pater - father; paternal, paternity, patriarch

mater - mother; maternal, maternity

lex - law; lexicon, legal, legislature

rex - king; reign, regal, Tyrannosaurus Rex

 

Latin Saying: Quid est tuum praenomen? - What is your first name?

 

Week 16


  1. gait
  2. heathen
  3. iota
  4. expunge
  5. edification
  6. acquiescence
  7. elucidate
  8. arbitrate
  9. volition
  10. amiably
  11. prevail
  12. qualm
  13. indicative
  14. libel
  15. caricature

 

hortus - garden; horticulture

oculus - eye; ocular, binoculars

nimbus - cloud; Nimbus 2000; nimbus

aurora - dawn; aurora borealis

equus - horse; equestrian

 

Latin Saying: Meum praenomen est _____ - My first name is _________

 

Week 17

 

libra - scales of justice; liberty, liberal, deliberate

scorpio - scorpion; scorpion

geminus - twins; gemini

capricorn - goat; capricious

aquarius - water carrier; aquatic

 

Latin Saying:Miles Christi Sum - I am a soldier of Christ

 

Week 18

 

Canis - dog; canine

caput - head; decapitate, capital, capitalize

civitas - state; civil, citizen, city

corpus - body; corporal, corpse

crux - cross; crucifixion, crucial, crux

 

Latin Saying: Vox Populi, vox Dei - The Voice of the People is the voice of God

 

Week 19

 

dolor - pain, sorrow; Via Dolorosa, dolorous, doleful

flumen - river; flowing, fluent, fluid

gens - tribe; generation, gender, progeny

homo - man; homosapien, homocide

hostis - enemy; hostile, hostility

 

Latin Saying: Signum crucis - The Sign of the Cross

 

Week 20 - ignis, lux, nox, urbs, veritas

 

ignis - fire; ignition, ignite

lux - light; luminate, lucid, Lucifer

nox - night; nocturnal, noxious

urbs - city; urban, suburb

veritas - truth; veritable, verify

 

Latin Saying: Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi - Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world